DEFINING GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE
“If we are to fight discrimination and injustice against women we must start from the home for if a woman cannot be safe in her own house then she cannot be expected to feel safe anywhere.” ― Aysha Taryam
Defining Gender-Based Violence
“Gender-based violence (GBV) is the general term used to capture violence that occurs as a result of the normative role expectations associated with each gender, along with the unequal power relationships between the two genders, within the context of a specific society.” (Bloom 2008, p14).
There are physical and non-physical forms of gender-based violence, it is important to understand what categories of violence occur and what forms they might take and to become acquainted with the forms as this may assist persons with the information to recognize if they are abused or to assist someone who is experiencing abuse.
Forms/Types of gender-based violence include but is not limited to: Domestic Violence, Physical abuse, Sexual Abuse, Psychological violence, Economic violence, Child Abuse/Neglect/Maltreatment. It is the intimidation or manipulation of another person or an intrusion into another’s psyche. Numerous research has shown that one of the main if not the main purpose of abuse is to control another human being.
Gender-based violence cuts across all ethnicities, various cultures, religions, economic positions, educational levels, sex or gender, social categories and classes. It violates another person’s human rights and places an individual in a position of fear and intimidation regarding their personal safety and security.
It occurs in families, in any type of relationship (intimate relationships, platonic relationships, working relationships e.g, employee to employee or employer to employee), churches, community groups, schools, neighbourhoods, work environment. Behavioural patterns of Gender-based violence (GBV) are generally long term however, short term interactions can be labelled abusive. Perpetrators of Bender-based violence are not isolated to one sex, both men and women can be abusive or be abused and abuse can occur in virtually all age groups.
Because it is often a learned behaviour over the years numerous types of research have be conducted in the area of intergenerational abuse, which is the passing on of abusive behaviours from generation to generation like a family disease.
It has been widely acknowledged that the majority of persons affected by Gender-based violence are women and girls, as a result of accepted social norms, unequal distribution of power in society between women and men, discrimination against women and girls because of their sex. Women and girls who experience violence and become victims of the same suffer specific consequences as stated by UNFPA:
“One in three women will be subject to physical or sexual abuse in her lifetime. More than 600 million women live in countries where domestic abuse is not against the law. Even in countries where it is outlawed, gender-based violence still tops the list of civil crimes. Violence against women and girls has a profound effect on the sexual and reproductive health of millions of women and girls through increased vulnerability to unwanted pregnancies, forced abortions, and complications from pregnancy and delivery, and heightened risk of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV infection." See more at: UNFPA, A Breakthrough for the Health and Rights of Women and Girls
Our organization works with both women and girls and men and boys, however, our specific attention is on Violence Against Women and Girls becuase of the medical, emotional, educational and financial consequences of Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG).
Legal consultations, Public Policy and Legal Support - Domestic violence disputes and General legal issues.
Training Packages - Enhancing Law enforcement response to sexualised and domestic violence victims.
Training package - Bystander Approach, children, parents and guardians with age-appropriate language.
Training Packages - understanding the impact and cost of Gender-based violence and violence against women.
Training package - health care professionals on strengthening health system responses to gender-based violence.